spanish portuguese
 
Home >> Previous Page >> article
feedback this article by E-mail

The Authoritarian Challenge in the new context
of Great Power Politics

New Trends in Geopolitics of the XXI st Century

A conversation with Azar Gat, Professor at National Security at Tel Aviv University, Israel

Jorge Nascimento Rodrigues, editor of Gurusonline.tv, December 2007

Selected article:
Article at Foreign Affairs Magazine (July/August edition): 'The Return of Authoritarian Great Powers'

Selected books by Azar Gat:
'War in Human Civilizations' (Oxford University Press, 2006) - named one of the best books of 2006 by the Times literary supplement (TLS)
'A History of Military Thought: From the Enlightenment to the Cold War' (Oxford University Press, 2001)

Azar Gat, 48, professor at Tel Aviv, specialist in military thought and history, wrote a seminal article at Foreign Affairs about the new world 'design' after the (re)emergence of the new great powers of Orient and Eurasia. He coins a new concept: the new 'Second World', the emergent powers with non democratic regimes. The leaders, China and Russia, although not a "front" or a "bloc", counts for 14% of the world wealth (recent figures for 2007 from IMF. World Economic Outlook). China by itself contributed nearly 27 per cent to global growth in 2007 - it's the true economic engine nowadays.


INTERVIEW

Do you think this emergence of a "new second world" of big authoritarian capitalist powers will have important impact in the growth of world rivalry between great powers?

I think this is very likely.

Do you think this emergence can have a huge impact in the commodity markets like oil and gas and eventually contribute for growth of "resource wars" from either the supply or the demand side?

It might.

Can we talk also of a "third ring" of totalitarian or authoritarian capitalist regional and medium powers (I am thinking of Iran, Venezuela, others to come on the radar) that inspired by the "new second world" emergence can work as "second hands" or even by its own in the growth of turbulence and War risks?

The liberal hegemony is seen in many parts of the world as alien and oppressive, and may be dropped if there is an alternative that emphasizes, traditional values, particularism and paternalistic order.

About the other two democratic BRICs - India and Brazil (7.5 per cent of the world wealth) - as you mentioned, referring India, it will be critical that they remain democratic. How you "classify" those two regarding the First World and the new authoritarian Second world?

The new 'Second World' means developed economies that are not democratic. Neither China nor India are developed yet (nor is Russia in its present state), but the take off and rapid development of both economies suggest that China (and maybe Russia) can become a developed economy within a generation while remaining authoritarian/totalitarian. Whereas India, if developing and remaining democratic, may join the 'First World'. Brazil is in this respect in the same category as India, but it still has to prove that its growth is not a function of commodity prices alone but can be based on a more advanced economy.

Can we consider as a third ring linked with the authoritarian capitalist great powers, the autocratic or theocratic medium powers of the petrodollar world that have a huge portion of the world liquidity nowadays, with a high percentage of dollar foreign holds (as revealed recently by McKinsey Global Institute)?

The oil producing states are a special category (as they have always been) which is neither 'developed' nor 'developing'. Some of them are rich without being truly developed (yet), in the sense of having developed social and economic infrastructure. So long as oil prices are high they hold a position of strength (as in the past), and, yes, some of them - the theocratic and authoritarian - may form alliances with the authoritarian-capitalist powers, as you say.

© Gurusonline.tv, Jorge Nascimento Rodrigues

 
Other articles
The Futurist
Web Heroes
MICHAEL DELL INTERVIEW
Peter Drucker - Exclusive Interview 2001
Reality Check
YVES DOZ AND JOSE SANTOS PRESENTS THE METANATIONAL WAVE
3M A Century of Innovation
Chandler about Strategy & Structure 40 years after
«A Consistent Record of Strong Business Execution»
The Risk of an unending series of Oil Wars
The secrets of Japan's economic anorexia
Sam Hill, the new american guru of Marketing Trends: «We will see the industrialization of thinking»
«Do not imitate the british example»
The Big Clash of the XXIst Century
In defense of the CEO chair against the split of power in public corporations
«Japan wants to be Number One Solutions Provider of the XXIst Century»
Revolution in Knowledge Management
Daguo Xintai - China, the New Power of the XXIst Century
Knowledge Navigation
Report on the US Economy
THE SURPRISE FACTOR
Learning Tours
RADICAL SPECIALIZATION KILLS
Transition Report
Sustainable Sourcing
«Imitating imperfectly or customizing the thing that is being imitated can be a source of creativity»
«Corporations compete and cooperate for power and turf like countries»
«Think Inside the Box»
Geo-Political and Geo-Economic Dialogue
«The China Factor came to stay», Graham Birch, from Merrill Lynch
«The "geography" of services is linguistic and cultural»
The Sandwiched Middle
Prosumers are human media – a powerful word of mouth, the brand evangelists
China Century
«The China Factor and the Overstretch of the US Hegemony», just published the 3rd Transition Report
Intellectual Capital of Nations
India and China: Fruitful Partnerships and Bound to Grow, by George Zhibin Gu
India’s Emergence as a Global R&D Hub - a new special Transition Report
The flash movie that shocked America
THE EUROPEAN CHALLENGER OF THE «OLD» TELCO BUSINESS MODEL
News from InnovAsia/Insead
Case Studies
The Road to 60 dollars a barrel - In the eve of a radical societal change
Biotech: India's Next Sunrise Sector
The Final assault
The college grad with a «stream» dream
Federation: The Best Choice for Taiwan & Mainland China
The crown jewel buys the crowns
Economics new buzzword
Lessons of China's Stock Market
Skyhook Wireless - the first urban Wi-Fi positioning system
Proxpro - business and professional matchmaking with an SMS
China's Global Reach: Markets, Multinationals, and Globalization (Book Excerpt)
China's competitiveness in a strong-yuan world
Vinton Cerf, the «Father of the Internet», joins Google
FATHER OF MANAGEMENT DIED IN CLAREMONT
Zhibin Gu new book in English
The Yangtze Crocodile
The Death of the Devil's Advocate at the Hands of IDEO ideologist
The Enzyme Magician
John Naisbitt
Janice Fraser, the Queen of Web 2.0
The story of the Number One Biotech Asian Woman Entrepreneur
China and the New World Order: How Entrepreneurship, Globalization, and Borderless Business are Reshaping China and the World (Book Excerpts)
Three looks over India
The two oldest Matrixes of World Discoveries - Portuguese and Chinese Historical linkage
Russia and China, the (re)emergent great powers and the impact in the world system
About Smart, Soft and Hard Power
The Poisoned Heritage of Alan Greenspan's FED Kingdom
The Authoritarian Challenge in the new context of Great Power Politics

   authors from A to Z
   contents
   word from the sponsor
   word from the partners
   who we are
   contacts
   mirrors


Altitude Software

 

   SunTop Media
   Jala Inc.
   Janela na Web
Copyright © 2001 GurusOnline.Net - All rights reserved.
A global project www.janelanaweb.com
Ilustrations: Paulo Buchinho
Digital.PT